"Four-year-old Mary Ann Bauer refuses to take sides in the election battle being waged by her parents, John and Mary, at their North Philadelphia home." - Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, November 1, 1960
The men of Easy Company, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, US Army, came from different backgrounds, different parts of the country. They were farmers and coal miners, mountain men and sons of the Deep South. Some were desperately poor, others from the middle class. One came from Harvard, one from Yale, a couple from UCLA. Only one was from the Old Army, only a few came from the National Guard or Reserves. They were citizen soldiers.
"That’s the first time an American president said that morally, black people in this country were right. That was not said in the Emancipation Proclamation, it set them free. Kennedy got on the side of what the blacks were seeking.” -Sander Vanocur (NBC White House Correspondent)
US Army soldier Walton Trohon photographed while cleaning the face of a young French orphan, November 1944
Ladies and gentlemen of the class of ‘99… Wear sunscreen.
If I could offer you only one tip for the future, sunscreen would be it. The long term benefits of sunscreen have been proved by scientists, whereas the rest of my adice has no basis more reliable than my own meandering experience. I will dispense this advice now:
Enjoy the power and beauty of your youth. Oh, never mind. You will not understand the power and beauty of your youth until they’ve faded. But trust me, in 20 years you’ll look back at photos of yourself and recall, in a way you can’t grasp now, how much possibility lay before you, and how fabulous you really looked. You are not as fat as you imagine. Don’t worry about the future. Or worry, but know that worrying is as effective as trying to solve an algebra equation by chewing bubble gum. The real troubles in your life are apt to be things that never crossed your worried mind. The kind that blindsides you at 4pm on some idle Tuesday. Do one thing every day that scares you. Sing. Don’t be reckless with other people’s hearts. Don’t put up with people who are reckless with yours. Floss. Don’t waste your time on jealousy. Sometimes you’re ahead, sometimes you’re behind. The race is long, and in the end, it’s only with yourself. Remember compliments you receive. Forget the insults. If you succeed in doing this, tell me how. Keep your old love letters. Throw away your old bank statements. Stretch. Don’t feel guilty if you don’t know what you want to do with your life. The most interesting people I know, didn’t know at 22 what they wanted to do with their lives. Some of the most interesting 40 year olds I know still don’t. Get plenty of calcium. Be kind to your knees; you’ll miss them when they’re gone. Maybe you’ll marry, maybe you won’t. Maybe you’ll have children, maybe you won’t. Maybe you’ll divorce at 40. Maybe you’ll dance The Funky Chicken on your 75th wedding anniversary. Whatever you do, don’t congratulate yourself too much, or berate yourself either. Your choices are half-chance. So are everybody else’s. Enjoy your body. Use it every way you can. Don’t be afraid of it, or what other people think of it. It’s the greatest instrument you’ll ever own. Dance. Even if you have nowhere to do it but in your own living room. Read the directions, even if you don’t follow them. Do not read beauty magazines, they will only make you feel ugly.
Get to know your parents. You never know when they’ll be gone for good. Be nice to your siblings, they’re your best link to your past and the people most likely to stick with you in the future. Understand that friends come and go, but with a precious few, you should hold on. Work hard to bridge the gaps in geography and lifestyle, for as the older you get, the more you need the people who knew you when you were young. Live in New York City once, but leave before it makes you hard. Live in Northern California once, but leave before it makes you soft. Travel. Accept certain inalienable truths: Prices will rise, politicians will philander. You too, will get old, and when you do, you’ll fantasize that when you were young, prices were reasonable, politicians were noble, and children respected their elders. Respect your elders. Don’t expect anyone else to support you. Maybe you have a trust fund. Maybe you’ll have a wealthy spouse. But you never know when either one might run out. Don’t mess too much with your hair, or by the time you’re 40, it will look 85. Be careful whose advice you buy, but be patient with those who supply it. Advice is a form of nostalgia. Dispensing it is a way of fishing the past from the disposal, wiping it off, painting over the ugly parts, and recycling it for more than it’s worth. But trust me on the sunscreen.
He’d seen more death than anyone else in the unit. To the rest of us, death was some rogue wave that would crash down on us from time to time. Hell, Roe was standing out in the surf every day, taking one shot after another.
Sniper and observer from the 1/4th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment in the roof of a barn at Antons Farm near Ploegsteert Wood during the spring of 1915.
HISTORY MEME: 10 MOMENTS | THIRD BATTLE OF YPRES (1917)
The Third Battle of Ypres is better known as the Battle of Passchendaele and lasted from 31 July 1917 until 10 November that year. The commander of the British forces, sir Douglas Haig, managed to push through and launch an offensive in the summer of 1917 which was meant to deliver the final blow to the enemy. The British prime minister David Lloyd George was not in favour of the plan, nor was the French commander Ferdinand Foch. They went ahead anyway and by the end of the battle the town of Passchendaele was completely wiped away and the Western Allies counted approximately 450 000 casualties. Even though the Entente managed to strike out to the Germans, the new salient was impossible to defend. The Canadians tried to do so nonetheless, suffering even more casualties during the winter of 1917-1918. The territory gained during this battle was lost to the German troops during the Fourth Battle of Ypres (Battle of Lys), launched in spring 1918.
Up until today the Battle of Passchendaele is viewed as one of the most useless battles in World War I, even more so than the Battle of the Somme. In total five battles were fought around the Ypres salient, destroying the medieval town of Ypres completely.
World War One began on July 28, 1914, exactly one month after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne. As Austria-Hungary, determined to respond to the assassination, moved into Serbia (which Russia immediately mobilized to defend), Germany invaded Belgium before moving towards France, causing Great Britain to declare war on Germany and its allies. In less than a week, all of the world’s superpowers, with the exception of the United States, was at war.
The Central Powers were comprised of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. The Allied Powers consisted of the rest of the majority of Europe, leade by Great Britian, France, Russia, and, eventually, the United States of America. The U.S. joined the war in 1917, after intercepting the Zimmerman telegram. The telegram was a request from Germany to Mexico asking the Mexican government to declare war on the United States.
The Great War ended on November 11, 1918. Over 9 million soldiers and an estimated 7 million civlians lost their lives in the war. Considered the first “modern” war, it is thought to be one of the bloodiest wars in history.